Who doesn’t want a family and a family is incomplete without the child? Well, there are different perceptions for different people when you talk about the natural way of pregnancy. Natural pregnancy is the best way, but sometimes it is hard to conceive a child through the natural process whether there is some problem with the female body or a male body like a male ejaculate a healthy amount of semen, or sometimes it doesn’t contain the sperm that is required for egg formation or so many other counted reasons as well. Don’t worry, we have your back. We are going to tell you all about the surgical process that you can choose as per your comfort.

Medical science’s steady evolution makes it possible to have a baby and become a helping hand to make a happy and healthy family or make everything possible for couples. There are other options also available, but conceiving a baby is one kind of natural feeling that a woman seeks.

When we talk about the male body, it is pretty common to have problems with a small sperm count about healthy sperm and other things. So we go with different kinds of surgical sperm methods that can help overcome those difficulties that hurdle in egg formation. Obviously, It is pretty essential to get all available information before you choose to undergo any kind of treatment.

Well, there are many small processes that include surgical sperm retrieval. Whether you talk about TESA or MESA or IMSI or others, let’s talk about some of them how these processes work for egg formation and help in egg formation or, say, conceiving of women. PESA, TESA, and MESA are the main infertility treatments involving surgical retrieval of sperm from the male person. This kind of treatment is useful for couples with severe male factor infertility. It involves the collection of sperms from the male productive part using a needle or a small incision. Some main goals of Surgical sperm retrieval treatment:

  1. To acquire the best quality sperm
  2. To acquire enough sperm for immediate use and/or for freezing
  3. To decrease injury to the testicle and reproductive tract

Let’s talk about some main sperm surgical procedures in brief:


Tesa is one of the famous process wells which are used as a surgical sperm retrieval process. If there is inferior sperm production can be a hindrance and affect the fertility process. To complete the process the doctor Uses local anesthesia that works like magic for the TESA process. A needle is injected into the testicle and tissue and say sperm aspirated.
Although TESA can be uncomfortable for a few days, it is not a painful procedure. It’s done under sedation or local anesthetic. Furthermore, you will not be required to stay in the hospital following the treatment.


When we talk about the ICSI process, a tiny needle, called a micropipette, is used to inject a single sperm into the center of the egg. So whether you choose a traditional IVF or, say, ICSI, after the whole fertilization, the embryo grows in the laboratory for about 1 to 5 days then after the transfer to the women’s womb.

Inserting a needle into the testis and aspirating fluid and tissue using negative pressure is how testicular sperm aspiration is done. In the embryology laboratory, the sample is subsequently processed to remove the sperm cells using ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).

To fertilize an egg, sperm cells do not need to mature and pass through the epididymis. Because testicular sperm are immature, they require ICSI, a process that involves extracting a single sperm from the sperm and injecting it straight into the egg.


MESA stands for Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration, which is the removal of sperm-containing fluid from the epididymis for processing and sperm extraction. This technique is carried out under the guidance of an operating microscope with the high optical magnification required. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, is a technique for directly injecting retrieved sperm into the egg of a spouse to promote fertilization and pregnancy.


IMSI is a kind of ICSI in which sperm samples are analyzed under a nearly 6000 times more powerful microscope to better assess their “morphology.” The embryologist can see minor flaws in the sperm head that would not be seen with regular ICSI at a higher magnification.

As you get older, the number of healthy sperm you generate naturally decreases. The excellent sperm you have left can be chosen to inject into an embryo using an IMSI in conjunction with IVF treatment.

In reality, the form and mobility of sperm in males beyond the age of 40 make it more difficult to conceive.

This exemplifies the need to use IMSI to select high-quality sperm.


 PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration)- The use of non-ejaculated sperm in combination with intracytoplasmic sperm injection has become a widely accepted method for couples with azoospermic male partners who want biological children.

PESA is carried out under the influence of a local anesthetic. The doctor harvests the sperms by inserting a tiny needle into the scrotum. Suction is used to retrieve sperm from the needle. Following that, ICSI can be performed.

Well, when we talk about IVF treatment, it is very important to know what kind of treatment is suitable for you. We recommend you consult with certified doctors and clinics to ensure the treatment. After all, it is about healthy future planning.

In aurawomen we try to put all required information for our reader to make a convenient path for their medical requirements.

No Comments

Post A Comment

Chat On WhatsApp
How Can Help You?